Different types of ecosystems prevail in the world, and the smallest of them is a pond ecosystem. While most people consider the world as one large ecosystem, little do they know that every single pond is an ecosystem and that it shall exist independently. As we stated earlier, the pond is one of the smallest ecosystems, and it has its own components. But before we get to that deeply, we also have to know what an ecosystem is and what the general components of an ecosystem are. So let us dive into the facts.
What is an ecosystem?
Any system that is made up of its own set of producers, consumers and decomposers are known as the ecosystem. In any ecosystem, the plants are usually considered as the producers of the ecosystem as they do not depend on a different organism for the living. They create their own food and in fact act as food for other organisms. The consumers are the species that feed on other components and particularly the producers. Finally, the decomposers. The decomposers are closely connected with the soil. They live, feed and die at the ground-level and act as manure and natural nutrient for the soil. This is how a general ecosystem works.
Facts about the pond ecosystem:
Being one of the smallest ecosystems in the world pond ecosystems also have their own set of producers, consumers and decomposers. We will see in detail the various components of the pond ecosystem.
The producers of the pond ecosystem are Phytoplankton, Periphytic Algae, Submerged plants, Floating Plants, Shore Plants and Emergent Plants. These are the plants that make up the producers part of the ecosystem.
The following are the consumers of the pond ecosystem. Zooplankton, Invertebrates and Vertebrates. We call them the consumers as they do not make their own living instead depend on the other components of the ecosystem in which they live and in most cases they feed on or live dependent on the producers of the ecosystem.
Decomposers form the final part of the ecosystem. They are usually plants that grow and die on their own. The plants and animals that are dead and go one with the soil are also considered as decomposers. Decomposers also play a major role in the ecosystem. Since they give all the strength to the soil in which they decompose, they enrich the nutrients of the soil and make it more effective and helps it support better life.
In general aquatic ecosystems is a large topic that one can discuss all day long. There are different forms of aquatic ecosystems and one among them is pond ecosystems. Just like the land ecosystems, aquatic ecosystems have a common nature that prevails among them and also the components in most cases are the same. One of the large parts of aquatic ecosystems is the Freshwater ecosystem, and pond ecosystem is the best example of the same.